Truffle – What is it

Truffle is a hypogeum fungus which grows underground, closely linked to certain kinds of plants, from which it absorbs nutrition by means of an extensive and ramified root system.

The fruit is in the form of a tuber and consists of a fleshy mass, whose colour varies from white to grey tending towards brown, depending on the plant on which it lives and grows.

Indeed, the truffle consists of a percentage of water and mineral salts, which it absorbs from the surrounding soil.

Its form, usually round, depends on the nature of the soil: if the soil is soft it will be smoother; if the soil is compact it will have more difficulty growing and will therefore tend to be more protuberant and lumpy.

There are many kinds of truffle.

The most precious are the following:

 


White truffle

“Tuber Magnatum Pico” known as the “White truffle from Alba – Tartufo bianco d’Alba”


Black winter truffle

“Tuber melanosporum Vitt” also known as “Winter black truffle”


Black summer truffle

“Tuber aestivum Vitt” known as “Scorzone truffle


White Truffle Trees

 

Truffle Trees

Farnia – Common oak

Quercus robur

Truffle Trees

Cerro – Turkey oak

Quercus cerris

Truffle Trees

Rovere – Sessile oak

Quercus petraea

Truffle Trees

Roverella – Downy oak

Quercus pubescens

Truffle Trees

Pioppo nero – Black poplar

Populus nigra

Truffle Trees

 Pioppo bianco – White poplar

Populus alba

Truffle Trees

Pioppo carolina

Populus deltoides cv. carolinensis

Truffle Trees

Pioppo tremulo –

Common aspen

Populus tremula

Truffle Trees

Salicone –

Goat willow

Salix caprea

Truffle Trees

Salice bianco – White willow

Salix alba

Truffle Trees

Tiglio – Large-leaved lime

Tilia platyphyllos

Truffle Trees

Carpino nero –

European hop-hornbean

Ostrya carpinifolia

Truffle Trees

       Nocciolo – Common hazel

          Corylus avellana

 

Black Truffle Trees

 

Truffle Trees

Roverella- Downy oak

Quercus pubescens

Truffle Trees

      Leccio – Evergreen oak

       Quercus ilex

Truffle Trees

                  Cerro – Turkey oak

                       Quercus cerris

Truffle Trees

       Tiglio – Large-leaved lime

  Tilia platyphyllos

Truffle Trees

Nocciolo – Common hazel

Corylus avellana

Truffle Trees

Carpino nero –

European hop-hornbean

Ostrya carpinifolia

Truffle Trees

Cisto – Rockrose

Cistus